Republican Party was more on the side of reducing trade barriers and free trade agreements for decades. Republican President George W. Bush is most credited for signing the now-disputed NAFTA free trade agreement between the United States, Canada and Mexico.
Donald Trump radically reversed this position of the party by starting trade wars with China, Canada, the European Union and others. Trump advocates a number of protectionist measures, such as tariffs, for the sake of raising domestic production and returning production facilities from the world back to the United States.
The Republican Party has traditionally advocated lower taxes and deregulation. In 2017, the Trump administration conducted a large tax cut for corporations and individuals, as a way to stimulate economic growth.
Trump announced a reduction in labor taxes, as a measure to improve employment opportunities for workers and increase employee income.
The Republican Party is a party that expresses a high level of skepticism in relation to the human impact on climate change, as well as in the active role of the state in reducing carbon dioxide emissions. The Trump administration withdrew from the Paris Climate Agreement. In their election program, the Republican Party and Trump do not pay attention to ecology.
Although the Republican Party was a leader in the fight to abolish slavery in the 19th century, it has been moving to a more conservative policy on racial issues since the 1960s. Since then, individuals and groups with extreme right-wing and often racist views have emerged within the Republican Party, often manifested through the glorification of the slave-owning confederation.
Trump’s position on racial issues is a matter of controversy in public opinion. Certain policies such as the reduction of mandatory minimum sentences were welcomed by members of minorities, while certain penal policies affected drastically more minorities. Trump often emphasizes the economy as important for improving the position of minorities, such as reducing unemployment in these groups or opening special “zones of opportunity” in poor minority areas.
Throughout history, the Republican Party has been more prone to punitive policies, including the harshest death penalty, than to rehabilitation policies. This policy was also called the “law and order” policy, which was created in the 1960s as a reaction to the great racial riots, which arose in the fight for the civil rights of African Americans.
Trump called himself a “candidate of law and order” as a reaction to the current racial unrest across America. Although the specific policy in power was ambivalent on this issue, rhetorically Trump is sharper on issues of citizen security than previous Republican presidents.
The Republican Party is programmatically closer to reducing state influence on health issues and is more committed to regulating the health issue through market competition between private health insurance companies. The party also advocates reducing the coverage of existing state health programs.
During Donald Trump’s term, the party and the president tried to abolish “Obamacare” and to implement certain restrictions on other state health programs. Although Trump promised an alternative health program in both this and the previous presidential campaign, no concrete plan has been revealed.
The Republican Party has been a relatively open party on the issue of immigration in the last few decades, where that attitude was the most liberal during the two terms of George W. Bush from 2000 to 2008. With the victory of Donald Trump, the party radically changed its attitude towards the very conservative.
Trump is in favor of building a wall between the United States and Mexico, and he also proposed a ban on travel from certain countries with a majority Muslim population. His policy towards illegal immigration is an example of a “zero tolerance” policy. In the event of another presidential term, further tightening of immigration policy can be expected.
With the victory of Donald Trump, the Republican Party significantly sharpened its attitude towards China, which is based on the trade war between these two largest world economies and sanctions against Chinese companies.
This attitude was accompanied by sharp accusations addressed to China regarding the spread of the COVID-19 virus, as well as a request from China to move its consulate in Houston due to accusations of espionage. China has remained one of the key targets of Trump’s election rhetoric.
Republican foreign policy was based on America’s active participation in world events, often through direct military interventions, such as interventions in the Middle East. However, with the victory of Donald Trump over the neo-conservative candidates in the party, the party changed its position.
Trump’s policy is somewhat closer to isolationism, and during his tenure, the United States confronted a large number of traditional allies. In the Middle East, the current president’s commitment was focused on Israel and the establishment of relations between this country and Sunni countries.
Republicans and Trump are advocating for faster opening in order to recover the economy, even if the number of infected people increases, regarding the COVID-19 measures. During his tenure, he implemented several thousand billion in aid to individuals, companies and local governments. Trump is advocating additional measures such as a drastic reduction in labor taxes for easier employment.